Accueil      giclee-casein


What is a giclee?
Originated in 1991, the term giclee (pronounces jee-clay) refers to fine art reproduction made with museum quality and materials, a fine art printmaking medium. It is a high resolution, high fidelity, a high tech reproduction. The fidelity to the original offered is outstanding. This as closer to holding the original painting as you can get!
The term giclee is a derivative fo the french word gicleur (nozzle) and spray (gicler). Therefore, giclee directly translated means <spraying nozzle>, which is basically how most digital printers direct ink onto various materials. the inks are pigmented, making the print water-resistant and archival. During the printing process, a series of tiny spray nozzles emits millions of droplets per second. 
First the original painting is scanned of digitally photographed to produce a very high resolution file. The proof is made and matched against the original. 
They can be printed on nearly any pliable surface, but are most done one watercolor paper or canvas. Giclees are superior to traditional lithography in nearly any way. The colors are brighter, fast longer, and are high resolution. The range of colors is far beyond that of lithography and details are crisper.
Giclees are the new darlings of the art publications houses and collections. Major museums and many private collectors over the world are acquiring giclees for their collections.
(Source: various Web sites)
What is a casein?
Casein can be used to create a variety of effects from the rich opaques of oil thin watercolor washes. Casein paints may be applied to almost any rigid, non-oily surfaces such as canvas pane, illustration board, heavy watercolor paper, plaster, metal, wood, masonite or canvas, or linen mounted on masonite. 
Because casein has an exceptional integrity of color and always dries to a perfect matte finish, it is unexcelled for art reproduction. The velvety matte finish can also be buffed to a satin finish or varnished to produce a resemblance to oils. Over time, casein pigments become resistant to moisture and has a durability and permanence.
You can use casein directly with watercolor, gouache and acrylics. With oil, use casein for underpainting or apply it after you have applied an intermediary varnish. 
You can use almost any kind of brush to soft hair watercolor brushes, oil brushes, Chinese brushes and fine points for tempera style. Or, if you want to get crazy, use all of them together.
Casein is a quick-drying, aqueous medium using milk-based binding agent, and is one of the  most durable mediums known to man. Nine thousand year old Casein cave paintings have been discovered in Asia, and later, the medium was used by Byzantine, Roman and Renaissance artists included the Old Masters, in 1939.
Casein pigments in tube were developed by Ramon Shiva who relied on the expertise of the artists who used them.
(Source: various Web sites)
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